This bibliography is an alphabetical listing of all sources listed in the notes to The Substance of Style, excluding interviews conducted by the author. Links are included to online sources, preferably but not necessarily on the sites of the original publication. In some cases, this site has obtained permission to post articles. Since most books are not online, links are included to their Amazon ordering pages. If you find bad links, or if you know of online sources for articles for which links are not included, please send a note to vpostrel-at-dynamist.com.
AARP Research and Roper Starch Worldwide Inc., Public Attitudes Toward Aging, Beauty, and Cosmetic Surgery (Washington: AARP, 2001)
Theodor W. Adorno and Max Horkheimer, "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception," in Juliet B. Schor and Douglas B. Holt, eds., The Consumer Society Reader (New York: The New Press, 2000)
Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price Index, Michael J. Boskin, chairman, Toward a More Accurate Measure of the Cost of Living: Final Report to the Senate Finance Committee, December 4, 1996
American Association of Dermatologists, "Treatment the Key To Eliminating the Physical and Emotional Scars of Teenage Acne," press release, October 18, 2000.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons, "2001 Age Distribution: Cosmetic Patients," fact sheet.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons, "2001 Cosmetic Surgery Trends: 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001," fact sheet
George Anders, "Hard Cell," Fast Company, May 2001
Paola Antonelli, "Mutant Materials in Contemporary Design"
Paola Antonelli, in "A Conversation About the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly," Wired, January 2001, p. 179
Allison Arieff, "Slugging It Out in Louisville," Dwell, April 2002, pp. 42-51
Associated Press, "Contract Delivered in Bid To Save Landmark Building," May 18, 2002.
Paul Atterbury and Clive Wainwright, eds., Pugin: A Gothic Passion (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994)
Paul Atterbury, ed., A.W.N. Pugin: Master of Gothic Revival (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995)
Judy Attfield, "Good Design by Law: Adapting Utility Furniture to Peacetime Production: Domestic Furniture in the Reconstruction Period 1946-56," in Design and Cultural Politics in Post-war Britain, Patrick J. Maguire and Jonathan M. Woodham, eds. (London: Leicester University Press, 1997)
Vikas Bajaj, "Electronic Manufacturers Emphasize Form with Function," The Dallas Morning News, April 4, 2002, p. 5D.
Elizabeth Wayland Barber, Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years: Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times (New York: Norton, 1994)
Joey Bartolomeo, "Dress Code," Allure, March 2002
Anne Bass, "The 1980s," Vogue, November 1999, pp. 492, 542.
Trystan L. Bass, "About Gothic Martha Stewart"
"Battle Over Fitness," The San Francisco Chronicle, March 1, 2002, p. A34
Barry Bearak, "Kabul Retraces Steps to Life Before Taliban," The New York Times, December 2, 2001
Patricia Beard, "Skin Deep," Elle, August 2000, p. 109
Daniel Bell, The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism, 2nd edition (New York: Basic Books, 1996)
Regina Bendix, In Search of Authenticity: The Formation of Folklore Studies (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997)
Walter Benjamin, "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," in Illuminations: Essays and Reflections, ed. Hannah Arendt (New York: Schocken Books, 1968)
Richard L. Berke, "Gore Dots the i's That Bush Leaves to Others," The New York Times, June 9, 2000, p. A-1.
Aaron Betsky, "When 'Good Design' Goes Bad," Metropolitan Home, November/December 2000, p. 128.
Jeff E. Biddle and Daniel S. Hamermesh, "Beauty, Productivity, and Discrimination: Lawyers' Looks and Lucre," Journal of Labor Economics, 1998, pp. 172-201, available here
Mark Bils and Peter J. Klenow, "The Acceleration of Variety Growth," American Economic Review, May 2001, pp. 274-280, working paper version as .pdf download
Regina Lee Blaszczyk, Imagining Consumers: Design and Innovation from Wedgwood to Corning (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000)
Eve Blau, Ruskinian Gothic: The Architecture of Deane and Woodward 1845-1861 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982)
Ciska M. Bosman, Gerard A. Pfann, Jeff E. Biddle, and Daniel S. Hamermesh, "Business Success and Businesses' Beauty Capital," National Bureau of Economic Research, Economics Letters, 2000, available here
Rick Bragg, "Beauty Reigns Supreme in a Florida Enclave," The New York Times, May 28, 2000, p. A1
Stewart Brand, How Buildings Learn: What Happens After They're Built (New York: Penguin Books, 1994)
David Brooks, Bobos in Paradise (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000)
David Brooks, "The Clothing of the American Mind," The Weekly Standard, March 12, 2001, p. 29
Kenneth Brower, "Photography in the Age of Falsification," The Atlantic Monthly, May 1998
Patricia Leigh Brown, "240 Pounds, Persistent and Jazzercise's Equal," The New York Times, May 8, 2002, p. A-20.
Holly Brubach, "Men Will Be Men," April 1983, in A Dedicated Follower of Fashion (London: Phaidon Press, 1999)
Ayana D. Byrd and Lori L. Tharps, Hair Story: Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in America (New York: St. Martin's, 2001)
Earnest Elmo Calkins, "Beauty the New Business Tool," The Atlantic Monthly, August 1927, pp. 145-156
Barbara Baer Capitman, Deco Delights: Preserving the Beauty and Joy of Miami Beach Architecture (New York: Dutton, 1988)
David Carr, "Magazine Imitates a Catalog and Has a Charmed Life, So Far," The New York Times, September 16, 2002
Veronica Chambers, "Hair," in Body: Writers Reflect on Parts of the Body, Sharon Sloan Fifer and Steve Fifer, eds. (New York: HarperCollins, 1999). Essay available here for a fee.
Karen Chan, "Free Floating," The Wall Street Journal, June 25, 2002, p. R19.
City and County of San Francisco Human Rights Commission, "Compliance Guidelines To Prohibit Weight and Height Discrimination," July 26, 2001
City of Portland, "Base Zone Design Standards: City Council Adopted Report," July 27, 1999, .pdf file
Kim B. Clark and Takahiro Fujimoto, Product Development Performance: Strategy, Organization, and Management in the World Auto Industry (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1991)
Timothy Clifford, "Notebook: 'It's a Big, Big Story When You Find a Michelangelo,'" Scotland on Sunday, July 14, 2002, p. 3.
Related interviews here.
Timothy Clifford, "A Candelabrum By Michelangelo," Apollo, September 2002, pp. 30-40.
Hillary Rodham Clinton, "Remarks of Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton," Class Day, Yale University, May 20, 2001
R.H. Coase, "The Problem of Social Cost," .pdf download, in The Firm, the Market, and the Law (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988)
Clive Cookson, "Unease Over 'Beauty Genes'," FT.com, January 25, 2001
John J. Costonis, Icons and Aliens: Law, Aesthetics, and Environmental Change (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989)
Michelle Cottle, "Turning Boys Into Girls," The Washington Monthly, May 1998, pp. 32-36
Cotton Inc., "Price and Fit," Lifestyle Monitor, Summer/Fall 2000
W. Michael Cox and Richard Alm, Time Well Spent: The Declining Real Cost of Living in America, 1997 Annual Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Samantha Critchell, "Teen's New Book Sends Message: Labels Are for Clothes, Not People," Los Angeles Times, July 17, 2002, Section 5, p. 4.
Crossfire, CNN, January 2, 1995.
Charles Crumpley, "Dome Creates Dilemma," The Sunday Oklahoman, July 22, 2001, p. 1C.
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience (New York: HarperCollins, 1990)
Michael Cunningham and Craig Marberry, Crowns: Portraits of Black Women in Church Hats (New York: Doubleday, 2000)
"Customisation maison," Maison Française, October 2000, p. 35.
Datamonitor, "The Lure of the Beauty Salon: Vanity is now worth #900 m,""press release, October 25, 2000
Steven Den Beste, USS Clueless, January 7, 2002
David Dillon, "Building Debate: Should Towers Go Up Again," The Dallas Morning News, September 16, 2001, p. 23A.
Ellen Dissanayake, Homo Aestheticus: Where Art Comes From and Why (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1992, 1995)
Frances E. Dolan, "Taking the Pencil out of God's Hand: Art, Nature, and the Face-Painting Debate in Early Modern England," PMLA, March 1993, pp. 224-239.
Maureen Dowd, "Dead Heat Humanoids," The New York Times, October 5, 2000, p. A35.
Rod Dreher, "Urban Jungle Gym," The Washington Times, August 23, 1993, p. C1.
Matt Drudge, "Sen. Plain Jane: Hillary Caught in Glamour Spiral," Drudge Report, January 29, 2001
Steven J. Eagle, "Privatizing Urban Land Use Regulation: The Problem of Consent," George Mason Law Review, Summer 1999, pp. 905-921, .pdf download
Owen Edwards, "Form Follows Emotion," Forbes ASAP, November 29, 1999
Edith Efron, "New Plumage for the Male Animal," The New York Times Magazine, September 8, 1945
Donald Drew Egbert, "The Architecture and the Setting"
Robert Ellickson, "New Institutions for Old Neighborhoods," Duke Law Journal, October 1998, pp. 75-110.
Abby Ellin, "How Fathers Can Help Daughters in the Body-Image Battle," The New York Times, September 18, 2000, p. B7.
Martha Elson, "Family's Dream Home, Neighbors' Nightmare," The Courier-Journal, April 25, 2002
Martha Elson, "Judge to Decide Fate of Lakeside House," The Courier-Journal, April 27, 2002
Martha Elson, "Contemporary House's Owners Win Court Case," The Courier-Journal, July 24, 2002
Nancy Etcoff, Survival of the Prettiest: The Science of Beauty (New York: Doubleday, 1999)
Stuart Ewen, All Consuming Images: The Politics of Style in Contemporary Culture (New York: Basic Books, 1988)
Michael Fainelli, "Twin Giants: What Will Fill Their Shoes?," The Christian Science Monitor, October 4, 2001
Susan Faludi, Stiffed (New York: William Morrow, 1999)
Allison Fass, "Clairol Tones Down a Campaign in An Effort To Give Its New Hair Products A Separate Personality," The New York Times, June 25, 2001, p. C8.
Mary Jo Feldstein, "Piercing, Tattoos Create Workplace Issues," Reuters, June 22, 2001.
Lawrence Ferchaw, "Painter Places Canvas over Mural for Holiday," Daily Bruin,, May 30, 2000, p. 1.
Sinclair B. Ferguson, "'Repent,' said Jesus; do evangelicals hear him?" The Dallas Morning News, January 27, 2001, p. 4G.
In a related article, Ferguson argues that modern evangelicals are turning toward a new medievalism, a pre-Reformation "Pagan Captivity of the Church," and that the emphasis on the aesthetics of worship is part of that dangerous turn.
Elizabeth Fernandez, "Teacher Says Fat, Fitness Can Mix; S.F. Mediates Complaint Jazzercise Showed Bias," The San Francisco Chronicle, February 24, 2002
Elizabeth Fernandez, "Size-16 Aerobics Teacher Gets National Attention," The San Francisco Chronicle, March 18, 2002
"Fifteen Years of Fashion," Elle, September 2000, p. 112.
Dexter Filkins, "In a Fallen Taliban City, a Busy, Busy Barber," The New York Times, November 13, 2001, p. A1
Peter Finn, "Court: Stay Out of Schroeder's Hair," The Washington Post, May 18, 2002
William A. Fischel, "Voting, Risk Aversion, and the NIMBY Syndrome: A Comment on Robert Nelson's 'Privatizing the Neighborhood,'" George Mason Law Review, Summer 1999, pp. 881-903.
Richard Florida, The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life, (New York: Basic Books, 2002)
Alec Foege, "Fix-It Fixation," MediaWeek, July 15, 2002, pp. 21-26.
Kim Folstad, "She Monitors Election, We Monitor Her," The Palm Beach Post, November 18, 2000, p. 1D.
Robert Frank, Luxury Fever: Why Money Fails to Satisfy in an Era of Excess (New York: The Free Press, 1999)
Herb Frazier, "Owner of Freedmen's Cottage Receives Demolition Approval," The Post and Courier, September 22, 1998, p. 1B.
David Freedberg, The Eye of the Lynx: Galileo, His Friends, and the Beginning of Modern Natural History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002)
Charles Paul Freund, "In Praise of Vulgarity," Reason, March 2002
Devin Friedman, "The Makeup That Changes Your Identity," The New York Times Magazine, June 11, 2000, pp. 56-57
Thomas Fuller, "A Fashion Twist: Asians See Hair to Dye For," International Herald Tribune, May 26, 2001, p. 1.
Gallup News Service, "Who is Better Looking--Bush or Gore?," August 29, 2000, abstract only, full report requires subscription
Joel Garreau, "The Call of Beauty, Coming in Loud & Clear," The Washington Post, February 19, 2002
Fiachra Gibbons, "The Route to Literary Success: Be Young, Gifted But Most of All Gorgeous," The Guardian, March 28, 2001
Frank Gibney Jr. and Belinda Luscombe, "The Redesign of America," Time, March 20, 2000, pp. 66-75.
Charles Gibson, "A View of Tomorrow: Everyday Objects Designed for Consumers to Need and Actually Enjoy," ABC World News Tonight, March 10, 2000
Robin Givhan, "The Eyelashes Have It," The Washington Post, November 18, 2000, p. C1.
Gladstone, Missouri, City Council meeting minutes, March 27, 2000
Peter Glen, "Here Comes the Neighborhood," VM+SD Magazine, November 1999
Jonathan Goldberg, "University Receives Approval for Building of Frist Loggia," The Daily Princetonian, October 14, 1998
Ellen Goodman, "'Fat Chance' To Fat Chic," The Boston Globe, March 31, 2002, p. E7
David Graham, "Message in a Bottle," The Toronto Star, December 28, 2000, Life section, p. J6.
Martin Griffith, "Nevada Bartender Sues Harrah's Over Makeup Policy," Associated Press, July 7, 2001.
Lloyd Grove, "The Reliable Source," The Washington Post, February 2, 2001, p. C3.
Teresa Gubbins, "Identity Crisis: Police Hairstyle Restrictions Forced Soul-Searching Decisions," The Dallas Morning News, January 29, 2002
Rhina Guidos, "Fashion Checklist: No blush, no lipstick...no job," The Christian Science Monitor, July 17, 2001
Chuck Haga, "Do Palm Trees Distort the 'Image' of Eden Prairie?," Star Tribune, July 8, 2001, p. 1A.
David M. Halbfinger, "After the Veil, a Makeover Rush," The New York Times, September 1, 2002
Charlie Hales, commissioner, City of Portland, letter to Jane M. Leo, governmental affairs director, Portland Metro Association of Realtors, January 11, 1998.
Linda Hales, "When Designs Delight," The Washington Post, November 12, 1998, p. T12.
Daniel S. Hamermesh and Jeff E. Biddle, "Beauty and the Labor Market," The American Economic Review, December 1994, pp. 1174-1194, available here
Daniel S. Hamermesh, Xin Meng, and Junsen Zhang, "Dress for Success: Does Primping Pay?" Labour Economics, 2002, available here
Arnold Hamilton, "Raising the Gold Standard," The Dallas Morning News, August 16, 2001, p. 23A.
Arnold Hamilton, "Optometrist's Bid May Save Landmark," The Dallas Morning News, May 20, 2002, p. 17A.
William L. Hamilton, "Wall Decor: It's on the Wall, It's in a Frame, but Is It Art?," The New York Times, March 8, 2001
Dan Hansen, "The Beauty of Wal-Mart," Happy Fun Pundit, August 9, 2002
Jason Hardin, "Row of Houses Spared, But Owner Says Restoration Too Costly," The Post and Courier, May 23, 2002, p. 3B.
Donna Harrington-Lueker, "'Crayola Curriculum' Takes Over," USA Today, September 16, 2002
Kari Haskell, "Before & After: Talking of the Towers," The New York Times, September 16, 2001, section 4, p. 4.
Jessica Helfand, "Hey, Mr. Design Man," Los Angeles Times Book Review, January 28, 2001, p. 6
Lara Hedberg, From the Robie House...To Our House, Dwell, October 2000, p. 10.
Michael A. Hiltzik, "Digital Cinema Take 2," Technology Review, September 2002
Thomas Hine, Populuxe: From Tailfins and TV Dinners To Barbie Dolls and Fallout Shelters (New York: MJF Books, 1986, 1999)
Jack Hitt, "The Magic of Shoes," Men's Journal, September 2001, p. 116.
Anne Hollander, Seeing Through Clothes (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978)
Anne Hollander, "Is It Real, or Is It Clairol?," Slate, July 7, 1998
Anne Hollander, Sex and Suits, (New York: Kodansha, 1994)
Steven Skov Holt, Ellen Lupton, and Donald Albrecht, Design Culture Now (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2000)
David Hume, "Of Refinement in the Arts"
Emily H. Huntington and Mary Corringe Luck, Living on a Moderate Income: The Incomes and Expenditures of Street-Car Men's and Clerks' Families in the San Francisco Bay Region (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937)
Ada Louise Huxtable, The Unreal America: Architecture and Illusion (New York: The New Press, 1997)
"In Kabul, Hooray for Bollywood," Newsday, December 27, 2001, p. A12. (Reprinted from Variety; requires registration.)
Robert Ivy, "Frank Gehry: Plain Talk with a Master," Architectural Record, May 1999, p. 184.
Robert Ivy, "Getting Real," Architectural Record, November 2001, p. 21.
Tom Jackman, "Freedom Has Its Price in Fairfax," The Washington Post, May 25, 2001, p. B-1.
Karrie Jacobs, "The Fruit Bowl Manifesto," Dwell, October 2000
Joanne Jacobs, "Dumb, But Pretty," Tech Central Station, January 31, 2002
Mike Johnson, "McDonald's Retro Colors Have Some Seeing Red," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 23, 2000
Jenna Weissman Joselit, A Perfect Fit: Clothes, Character, and the Promise of America (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2001)
Cayce Justus, "High-Quality In-House 3D Animation: Creating a Starbucks," PC Graphics & Video Magazine, November 14, 1997, pp. 32-38
Richard Kahlenberg, "The City on the Hill," Los Angeles Times (Valley edition), May 23, 1993, p. B15.
Leander Kahney, "Ersatz Designs Honor Apple," Wired News, January 31, 2002
Leander Kahney, "Master Maker of Mockup Macs," Wired News, January 31, 2002
Leander Kahney, "Absorbing Apple's Aesthetic," Wired News, February 4, 2002
Leander Kahney, "The Passion for Designing Macs," Wired News, February 5, 2002
Peter Katel, "The Mystery in Box D366," The Washington Post, October 13, 2002, p. W16.
Hayley Kaufman, "Fashion Victim," The Boston Globe, November 16, 2000, p. D2.
Leslie Kaufman, "A Walk on the Wild Side Stirs the Shoe Industry," The New York Times, July 9, 2000, Section 3, p. 8
Edgar Kaufmann, "Borax, or the Chromium-Plated Calf," Design Review, August 1948, pp. 88-92.
Richard Keely and Dominique Jackson, "Boy, It's a Look To Dye For," The Australian, January 19, 2001, p. 13.
Tim Kelley, "The More Things Change," Innovation, Summer 1999, p. 35.
David Kiley, "Baby Boomers Splurge on 'Road Candy,' Just for Fun," USA Today, June 21, 2001
Queena Sook Kim, "The Super-Model Home," The Wall Street Journal, August 6, 2002, p. D1.
Mark Kingwell, "Against Smoothness," Harper's Magazine, July 2000, pp. 15-18.
Naomi Klein, No Logo (New York: Picador, 2002)
Norman M. Klein, "A Glittery Bit of Urban Make-Believe," Los Angeles Times (Valley edition), July 18, 1993, p. B17.
Joan Kron, Lift: Wanting, Fearing, and Having a Face-Lift (New York: Penguin, 1998)
James Howard Kunstler, "The Modernist Prison," The American Enterprise, September/October 1998
Ruth La Ferla, "Boys to Men: Fashion Pack Turns Younger," The New York Times, July 14, 2002, section 9, p. 1
Richard Tseng-yu Lai, "Can the Process of Architectural Design Review Withstand Constitutional Scrutiny?" in Brenda Case Scheer and Wolfgang F. E. Preiser, eds., Design Review: Challenging Urban Aesthetic Control (New York: Chapman & Hall, 1994), pp. 31-41.
Ed Leibowitz, "Crowd Pleaser," Los Angeles Magazine, February 2002, p. 52.
Gina Leros, "The Home Front," SundayLife! The Sun-Herald Magazine, November 12, 2000, pp. 8-10.
Shirley Leung, "Local Restaurants Find Big Chains Eating Their Lunch," The Wall Street Journal, July 9, 2002
Ron Lieber, "Is This Your Beautiful House?," Fast Company, July 2001
Stanley Lieberson, A Matter of Taste: How Names, Fashions, and Culture Change (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000)
James Lileks, "Eden Prairie's Parrot Is in a Pickle over Palms," Star Tribune, July 13, 2001, p. 3B.
Michael A. Lindenberger, "Libraries Shed Bookish Image," The Dallas Morning News, February 6, 2002
Greg Lindsay, "I Want a Unique Logo--Just Like Theirs," Fortune Advisor/E-Company, July 2000, p. 334.
Tim Lockwood, "Locals Support, Oppose City Parking Structure," Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, November 30, 2001
Los Angeles Municipal Code, Ordinance 174, 422, effective March 11, 2002, .pdf download
Adolf Loos, "Ornament and Crime," in Ornament and Crime: Selected Essays, ed. Adolf Opel, trans. Michael Mitchell, (Riverside, Calif.: Ariadne Press, 1998), pp. 167-176.
David L. Margulius, "Walking in a Wired Wonderland," The New York Times, December 20, 2001
Rick Marin, "Behind the 'M' and the 'W'," The New York Times, August 2, 2000, p. B11.
Francine Maroukian, "What's Really Important," Town and Country, January 2002, p. 80.
Nathan Marsak and Nigel Cox, Los Angeles Neon (Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer, 2002)
Lisa Martin, "New Interiors Blend Comfort And Culture," The Dallas Morning News, October 13, 2000, p. G1.
Arthur Marwick, Beauty in History: Society, politics, and personal appearance c. 1500 to the present (London: Thames and Hudson, 1988)
Abraham H. Maslow, Motivation and Personality, 3rd edition, (New York: Harper & Row, 1970), p. 7.
Francesco Mastalia and Alfonse Pagano, Dreads (New York: Artisan, 1999)
Karen Matthews, The Associated Press, "Architects Build Case To Preserve Landmark," August 15, 2001.
Vernon Mays, "Historic Savannah Says No To Fake Bricks," Architecture, December 2000, p. 25.
Grant McCracken, Culture and Consumption (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988)
Grant McCracken, Plenitude (Toronto: Periph.:Fluide, 1997)
Veronica MacDonald, "The Hair Care Market," happi: Household & Personal Products Industry, December 2000
Rebecca Mead, "Shopping Rebellion," The New Yorker, March 18, 2002
Michael McNeilly v. City of Los Angeles, complaint for injunctive and declaratory relief, U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, October 23, 2001.
ACLU press release on the lawsuit
Booth Moore, "Afghan Leader's Wardrobe Honors a Diverse Nation," Los Angeles Times, February 1, 2002, Section 5, p. 1.
Jeff Morley, D.D.S., "The Role of Cosmetic Dentistry in Restoring a Youthful Appearance," The Journal of the American Dental Association, August 1999, pp. 1166-1172.
Albert Morris, "Bald Truth Of Blair's Follicle-Rich Triumph," The Scotsman, June 16, 2001, p. 19.
Sharon Moshavi, "In Japan, The 'Do' Does It," The Boston Globe, July 22, 2001, p. A12.
Barbara Robinette Moss, "The Other Side of Ugly," Allure, September 2000, excerpt from Change Me Into Zeus's Daughter
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, Commercial Development Design Review Board minutes, April 24, 2002
"Mount Vernon Fact Sheet"
My Hairy Brother, "Nose Ring Time"
Nails Fact Book 2001-2002, summary statistics here
National Park Service, Heritage Preservation Services, "Historic Buildings: New Additions"
Keith Naughton, "Honda's Midlife Makeover," Newsweek, August 5, 2002, pp. 42-43.
Eric Nee, "Open Season on Carly Fiorina," Fortune, July 23, 2001
Robert H. Nelson, "Local Government as Private Property," mimeo., May 2002.
Related work here.
Robert H. Nelson, "Privatizing the Neighborhood: A Proposal to Replace Zoning With Private Collective Property Rights to Existing Neighborhoods," George Mason Law Review, Summer 1999, pp. 827-880
Related work here.
Nho Joon-hun, "Design Korea Campaign Kicks Off," The Korea Times, October 11, 2001
"Night and Day," ASID Icon, August 2002, p. 12-16.
Jody Noerdlinger, "Economics, History Weigh in Dome's Fate; Bank One's Bottom Line May Seal Building's Future," The Daily Oklahoman, December 27, 2001, p. 1C.
Don Norman, "Emotion and Affect," interview, Ubiquity
Donald A. Norman, "Emotion & Design," Interactions, July-August 2002
Molly O'Neill, "The Viking Invasion," The New Yorker, July 29, 2002, pp. 40-45.
Vance Packard, The Hidden Persuaders, (New York: David McKay, 1957)
B. Peter Pashigian, Brian Bowen, and Eric Gould, "Fashion, Styling, and the Within-Season Decline in Automobile Prices," Journal of Law and Economics, October 1995, pp. 281-309
Michel Pastoureau, Blue: The History of a Color, trans. Markus I. Cruse (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001)
Phil Patton, "Turnpike Stops Worth the Trip," The New York Times, July 27, 2000
Pentagram Design, Pentagram book five (New York: Monacelli Press, 1999)
Andrea Peyser, "Oh, How I Wish that I'd Never Voted for Gore," The New York Post, November 24, 2000
Connie Piloto, "Officer Fired for Not Cutting Dreadlocks," The Dallas Morning News, June 2, 2001, p. A-31.
Heidi Pollock, "How to Buy a Computer, Part I" iVillage
Bob Pool, "Yearning to Paint Freely, Artist Battles the City," Los Angeles Times, May 17, 2000, p. B1.
Bob Pool, "Ruling Will Allow Trial of Artist Over Building Mural," Los Angeles Times, May 18, 2000, p. B5.
Virginia Postrel, "The Acrylic Sector," Forbes, November 2, 1998
Virginia Postrel, "The Esthetics Police," Forbes, November 1, 1999<
Virginia Postrel, "When the 'Cool' Look Is Illegal," Forbes, November 27, 2000
Virginia Postrel, "Can Good Looks Guarantee a Product's Success?" The New York Times, July 12, 2001
Virginia Postrel, "The New Republic," D Magazine, December 2001
Virginia Postrel, "We Are Where We Eat," D Magazine, January 2002
Virginia Postrel, "Free Hand," Reason, March 2002 and photo here
Virginia Postrel, "Come All Ye Faithful," D Magazine, July 2002
Jennifer Potash, "Campus Center Approval Expected," The Princeton Packet, July 7, 1998
Gregory Potts, "Protesters Stage Rally To Save Golden Dome," The Daily Oklahoman, July 24, 2001, p. 1A.
Gregory Potts, "Dome Support Spreads; Bank One Plan Meets Protests," The Sunday Oklahoman, July 29, 2001, Section 3, p. 1.
Gregory Potts, "Bank One To Try Selling Gold Dome; Decision Encourages Preservationists," The Daily Oklahoman, August 02, 2001, p. 1A.
Julia Ptasznik, "Baby needs a new pair of shoes," Visual Arts Trends
Anna Quindlen, "Honestly--You Shouldn't Have," Newsweek, December 3, 2001, p. 76.
Jonathan Rauch, "Buff Enough," Reason, November 2000, review of The Adonis Complex: The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession, by Harrison G. Pope Jr., Katharine A. Phillips, and Roberto Olivardia (New York: The Free Press, 2000)
"Redeveloped Airports Welcome Travelers to Cities," World Airport Week, November 16, 1999, pp. 1-3.
Raymond P. Rhinehard, Princeton University: The Campus Guide (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999)
James Ricci, "They're Not Natural, But What Is in This Self-Invented Place?" Los Angeles Times Magazine, June 11, 2000, p. 10.
"Rich Kids' Compound," Vogue, January 1976, pp. 96-97.
Jeremy Rifkin, The End of Work (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1995)
Curtis Rist, "Closet Control," This Old House Online
Bob Roberts, "Iain Duncan Smith: Tony Blair Is Losing His Hair Pretty Rapidly And He Brushes It Like A Teased Weetabix," The Mirror, August 18, 2001, p. 19.
Gaile Robinson, "Architect Is Best-Known for Target Toilet Bowl Brushes," Contra Costa Times, December 23, 2000, p. C-6.
Julian Robinson, The Quest for Human Beauty: An Illustrated History (New York: W.W. Norton, 1998)
Sarah Rossbach and Master Lin Yun, Feng Shui Design (New York: Viking, 1998)
Roswell, Georgia, Design Review Board minutes, February 1, 2000
Tracie Rozhon, "From Gehry, a Bilbao on the Hudson," The New York Times, August 20, 1998, p. F1.
Tracie Rozhon, "Bard College Bends on Arts Center," The New York Times, February 19, 1999, p. B5.
John Ruskin, The Stones of Venice, J.G. Links, ed., (New York: De Capo, 1960)
Witold Rybczynski, "A Cure for Terminal Decline," The Wall Street Journal, August 22, 2001, p. A16.
Ruth Ryon, "Building Industry Shows, Seminars to Examine 'Critical Issue of '90s,'" Los Angeles Times, October 15, 1989, p. K9.
Robert Sahr, "Movie Ticket Prices in Current and Constant (2001) Dollars, Selected Years 1935 to 2001," compiled from Department of Commerce and Motion Picture Association of America data
Luc Sante, "Be Different! (Like Everyone Else!)," The New York Times Magazine, October 17, 1999, pp. 136-140.
Howard Schultz and Dori Jones Yang, Pour Your Heart Into It: How Starbucks Built a Company One Cup at a Time (New York: Hyperion, 1997)
Brenda Case Scheer, "The Debate on Design Review," in Design Review: Challenging Urban Aesthetic Control, ed. Brenda Case Scheer and Wolfgang F. E. Preiser (New York: Chapman & Hall, 1994)
Brenda Case Scheer, "Sympathy with the Devil: Design Review and the Culture of Aesthetic Poverty," Loeb Fellowship Forum, Spring/Summer 1996
Brenda Case Scheer, "When Design Is Against the Law," Harvard Design Magazine, Winter/Spring 1999, p. 47.
Bernd Schmitt and Alex Simonson, Marketing Aesthetics: The Strategic Management of Brands, Identity, and Image (New York: The Free Press, 1997)
Alison Schneider, "Frumpy or Chic? Tweed or Kente? Sometimes Clothes Make the Professor," The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 23, 1998
Jenny Schnetzer, "Tooling Around," I.D. Magazine, October 2002, p. 63.
Janny Scott, "When First Impressions Count," The New York Times, December 3, 2000
Denise Scott Brown, "With the Best of Intentions," Harvard Design Magazine, Winter/Spring 1999, pp. 37-42.
Saira Shah, "Beneath the Veil: The Taliban's Harsh Rule of Afghanistan," CNN Presents, September 22, 2001, links to photos and other background
Kathryn Shattuck, "Beware the Cry of 'Niyby': Not in Your Backyard!," The New York Times, May 11, 2000
Roger N. Sheparc, "The Perceptual Organization of Colors: An Adaptation to Regularities of the Terrestrial World?" in The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, Jerome H. Barkow, Leda Cosmides, and John Tooby, eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992)
Elaine Showalter, "Fade to Greige," London Review of Books, January 14, 2001
Jane Smiley, "Let There Be Light," Allure, September 2001, pp. 147-148.
Adam Smith, An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, vol. 1, R.H. Campbell and A.S. Skinner, eds. (Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1981), online edition here
Jenni Smith, "Beauty Kings: Styling-Product Firms Targeting Teenage Boys," The Dallas Morning News, October 22, 2000, p. 1A.
Leef Smith, "Landscapers Storm Driving Range Early," The Washington Post, May 26, 2001, p. B-1.
Ray A. Smith, "Self-Storage Centers Put On a Prettier Face," The Wall Street Journal, April 10, 2002, excerpt here (scroll down)
"Sony's VAIO Triggers Tiny Notebook PC Boom: Designer," AsiaBizTech, June 18, 1998
Lynn Snowden, "Face Forward," Vogue, August 2002, p. 256
Penny Sparke, As Long As It's Pink: The Sexual Politics of Taste (London: Pandora, 1995)
Amy M. Spindler, "Are Retail Consultants Missing Fashion's X-Factor?" The New York Times, June 13, 1996, p. B8.
Amy M. Spindler, "The Empire Strikes Back," Fashions of the Times (New York Times Magazine), February 25, 2001, pp. 174-177.
Amy M. Spindler, "Do You Otaku?" Fashion of the Times (New York Times Magazine), February 24, 2002, pp. 134-136.
Kevin Starr, "Landscape Electric," Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1999, pp. M1, M6.
Matt Steinglass, "Little Italy," Metropolis, October 2002
Suzanne Stephens, "TWA's Fight for Flight: What Preserves A Landmark Most?" Architectural Record, November 2001, pp. 63-66.
Suzanne Stephens, "The Difficulty of Beauty," Architectural Record, November 2000, pp. 96-97.
Carl Sessions Stepp, "Then and Now," American Journalism Review, September 1999, pp. 60-75, included in the Project on the State of the American Newspaper
Bruce Sterling, "The Factory of the Future," Metropolis, August/September 2002
Bruce Sterling, "The Beautiful and the Sublime," in Bruce Sterling, Crystal Express (New York: Ace Books, 1989) or Schismatrix Plus
Seth Stevenson, "The Great Whitening Way," Slate, April 1, 2002
Hank Stuever, "A Really Hot Date: Come Nov. 7, What It All Boils Down to Is: Who's Cuter?" The Washington Post, October 23, 2000, p. C1.
Mark Steyn, "Game Face Otherwise Occupied," Chicago Sun-Times, October 15, 2000, p. 48.
Stuart Sudak, "Restaurant's Palm Trees Get Reprieve from City," Eden Prairie News, July 11, 2001
Andrew Sullivan, "What Has Become of William," The New York Times Magazine, May 20, 2001
Barbara Summers, Black and Beautiful: How Women of Color Changed the Fashion Industry (New York: Amistad, 1998, 2001)
E.M. Swift and Don Yaeger, "Unnatural Selection," Sports Illustrated, May 14, 2001, pp. 86-94
Julie Taraska, "All the Pretty Truck Stops," Metropolis, November 1999, pp. 120-124, 153, 155.
Mark Tatge, "The Harder Side of Sears," Forbes, November 13, 2000
Scott Timberg, "Modern Love," New Times Los Angeles, July 11-17, 2002, p. 13.
"The Twentieth Century's Worst Design Ideas," Metropolis, August/September 2002, p. 154.
James B. Twitchell, Living It Up: Our Love Affair with Luxury (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002)
Taiga Uranaka, "Japan Train Stations No Longer a Sea of Black Hair," The Japan Times, June 19, 2002.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Housing: Then and Now, 50 Years of Decennial Censuses," December 2000, here and here
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Historical Income Tables--Families"
U.S. Department of Interior, Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives, "The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation"
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook 2003-03 Edition
U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission v. Ian Schrager Hotels Inc., Second Amended Complaint, U.S. District Court, Central District of California, July 20, 2000
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, "EEOC and Mondrian Hotel Settle Title VII Lawsuit," press release, August 9, 2000
Harold van Doren, Industrial Design: A Practical Guide to Product Design and Development 2nd edition (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1954)
Tunku Varadarajan, "Liberation Time," Opinion Journal, November 17, 2001
Robert Venturi, "Frist Campus Frieze--Definition and Justification: The Polite (Sort of) Version," memo, March 24, 1998 and "Why the Tasteful Frieze on the Front of the Frist Campus Center Is not a Vulgar Sign but a Tasteful Frieze--Designed also by a Highfalutin' Architect," memo, March 23, 1998.
Norah Vincent, "San Francisco Gives In To Theorists: Welcome to the Transsexual Age," Village Voice, May 21, 2001
Wal-Mart, "A new Wal-Mart. Custom fit for your neighborhood"
Chris Warhurst and Dennis Nickson, Looking Good, Sounding Right: Style Counselling in the New Economy (London: The Industrial Society, 2001), excerpt and ordering information
Linton Weeks, "Judged by Their Back Covers," The Washington Post, July 2, 2001, p. C1.
Rick Weiss, "Cosmetic Gene Therapy's Thorny Traits," The Washington Post, October 12, 1997
Gully Wells, "The Buddy System," Vogue, April 2001, p. 311
Patrick Wen, "They've Got the Look: New Medical Devices, Drugs Help Ease the Awkward Age," The Boston Globe, September 15, 2000, p. A1.
Shane White and Graham White, Stylin': African American Expressive Culture from Its Beginning to the Zoot Suit (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998)
Barbara White-Sax, "Color Power," Supermarket News, April 30, 2001, p. 39.
Alex Williams, "You're So Vain," New York, April 2, 2001
Carol J. Williams, "Afghans Dust Off Long-Hidden Yen to Have Fun," Los Angeles Times, December 17, 2001, p. A3
Carol J. Williams, "The Beauty Shop Beckons in Post-Taliban Kabul," Los Angeles Times, December 15, 2001, p. A1.
Drake Witham and Connie Piloto, "Dreadlocks policy prompts complaint," The Dallas Morning News, May 30, 2001
Naomi Wolf, The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women (New York: Anchor Books, 1991, 1992)
Christine Woodside, "Cell Phone Towers Are Sprouting In Unlikely Places," The New York Times, January 9, 2000, Section 14CN (Connecticut Weekly), p. 1.
WorldWatch, July/August 2002
John W. Wright, ed., The New York Times Almanac 2002 (New York: Penguin, 2002), p. 244.
Zandl Group, "Shopping Attitudes," press release, July 22, 2002
Peter Zec, "Good Design: Lifestyle and Product Culture for a Global Age," Innovation, Summer 2002, p. 35.